International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 11, Part A (2015)
Regional Imbalances in the Distribution of Educational Resources in Sri Lanka
Since the introduction of free education, for six decades, Sri Lanka has been continuously increasing her educational resources. However, similarly to other resources, a fairly equal distribution of these resources among the regions is necessary for a balanced growth of the country. This paper aims at identifying how equally the increased resources have been distributed among the nine provinces in Sri Lanka. The main source of data is the education census of the Ministry of Education of Sri Lanka. In addition, other secondary sources are also incorporated in the analysis. The pattern of resource distribution among the provinces is identified with the help of some tools of descriptive statistics. The resource availability of individual provinces is measured and imbalances are identified using a composite index of educational resource availability. The study identifies that the regional imbalances in resource distribution is high across the provinces. Using the composite index, the nine provinces are divided into three main categories. First category includes only the Western Province which is the richest in educational resources. Second category includes Southern, North-western and Central provinces which are second only to the Western Province in resource availability. Third category consists of the three provinces North-central, Uva and Sabaragamuwa which lie behind the second category. Finally, the fourth category which consists of the Northern and Eastern provinces is the poorest in educational resources. Thus, the study achieves the aim and identifies that the regional imbalances in the resource availability for education in Sri Lanka are substantially high across the provinces.
How to cite this article:
DPS Chandrakumara. Regional Imbalances in the Distribution of Educational Resources in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(11): 13-21.