International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 11, Part D (2015)
Gender Differences between Role Expectations, Role Strain and Use of Coping strategies among Dual-Earner Couples
Sameshta, Sunita Agarwal
Managing the demands of competing life roles has become a common experience for many men and women. Dual-earner couples, in particular, are responsible for many different roles in their fast-paced lifestyles. These responsibilities range from child caregiving, to household maintenance, to working outside the home. These multiple responsibilities create role strain among dual-earner couples. Role theorists maintain that the amount of role strain experienced by man and woman depends on the degree of his/her commitment to different roles and the role reward value expected by him/her from these roles. When, dual earner couples expect to gain life satisfaction from more than one role, especially the occupational role along with other family roles, the likelihood of role strain increases. But, effective use of coping strategies may reduce role strain among dual-earner couples. The cross sectional study on gender differences in role expectations, role strain and coping strategies was carried out in Jaipur city of Rajasthan state. Total 200 couples (200 wives and 200 husbands) were selected for the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 statistical tools. Independent t-test result shows that husbands exhibited high role expectations in occupational roles while wives attributed high role expectations in parental and homecare role than husbands. Wives perceived high role strain as compared to their husbands. Wives used distancing, seeking social support accepting responsibilities and escape avoidance coping strategies for reducing role strain while husbands choose Confrontive coping, self-controlling and plan ful problem solving strategies for dealing with role strain situation.
How to cite this article:
Sameshta, Sunita Agarwal. Gender Differences between Role Expectations, Role Strain and Use of Coping strategies among Dual-Earner Couples. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(11): 248-255.