International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 8, Part F (2015)
Increasing urbanization: A threat to the avian population
Anthropogenic intervention is the central cause of environmental changes. Such environmental alterations severely affect different animal and bird species which in turn change their habitats in an attempt to minimize the adverse effects. Birds are considered as excellent bioindicators as they respond very efficiently to the changes in the environment that affect them in numerous ways. In the present study, we found that, the number of inhabitant bird species is far less (nine) in an urban area as compared to the number of inhabitant bird species (eighteen) of a rural area with a similar kind of ecological set up. Additionally, we found that there was no migrant bird species in the urban study area. Air pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, increasing urbanization and habitat fragmentation make an urban habitat less suitable for avian species than a rural area. The results of the current study also emphasize on the need to conserve birds. As birds inhabit in almost all types of ecological environment (urban and rural), conservation of these species solely within protected areas is not a logical solution. Studies should focus on the adverse effects of anthropogenic alteration on birds in order to generate awareness for effective conservation of avian species especially in urban areas.
How to cite this article:
Arpan Chakrabarti. Increasing urbanization: A threat to the avian population. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(8): 335-337.