International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 12, Part L (2016)
Displacement and rehabilitation due to natural calamities: A historical study on socio-economic condition of rehabilitated villages in Tinsukia district, Assam
Subash Kr. Verma
The study of displacement and rehabilitation due to natural calamities- earthquake, flood and erosion in historical perspective is helpful to understand a history of socio-economic condition of displaced and rehabilitated people. The earthquake of 1897 and 1950 had changed the structure of the Brahmaputra plain in the Northern bank of Dibru River at Dibrugarh District. Rohmoria Mauza, situated at Dibrugarh District, Eastern part of Assam, has been known for the problem of flood and erosion. It is located in the southern bank of the Brahmaputra River. The land of this region is very fertile; hence agricultural was primary occupation of the people. But due to earthquake and flood since 1950 onwards the region has lost and eroded 3rd
parts of its and 38 villages and altogether 1746 households in the Brahmaputra River.
The natural obstructions and its impact on local ecology changed the condition of entire region during the 20th century. As results the local inhabitants forced to displace and re-establish in the different parts of Assam. They lost their agricultural and homestead land and became landless community. Once the people of Rohmoria areas were master of their properties, they had agricultural land, homestead land, own fishery for fishing, wet land for rice cultivation, domesticated animals and sufficient grazing land as well as common forest for firewood collection but after displacement and rehabilitation they deprived from these prosperous life. This work covers the rehabilitated areas of Tinsukia District to understand the consequences of natural calamities- earthquake, flood and erosion. To rehabilitation government has provided land in the different areas of Assam mostly in the forest and grazing land which resulted for the deforestation and adjustment problem in rehabilitated sites.
How to cite this article:
Subash Kr. Verma. Displacement and rehabilitation due to natural calamities: A historical study on socio-economic condition of rehabilitated villages in Tinsukia district, Assam. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(12): 802-806.