International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part I (2016)
Seroprevalence of Kala-azar in El Hawata district, Eastern Sudan
Abdelsafi A Gabbad, Mohammed Ali, Mohammed A Elawad
A study on Seroprevalence of Kala-azar was conducted in El Hawata District, Eastern Sudan. A group of 399 individuals were participating in the study. They were interviewed using a questionnaire, and then a sample of blood was taken from each. These samples were centrifuged to separate sera for performing Direct Agglutination Test (DAT) to detect anti leishmania bodies in the serum specimen. The study revealed that, Seroprevalence of Kala-azar at a cut off ≥ reciprocal titre of 3200 was found to be 17.2%. In the study findings, c was high in males (9.4%) compared to 7.7% in females (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.2402, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) from 0.5983 to 2.5709). It was found that the highest seroprevalence (11.7%) was seen in age group 31 – 40 years followed by 21 – 30 years (7.3%) with a statistical significance (X2 =7.778, P value = 0.0508). As a conclusion, Kala-azar seroprevalence was high and the area still suffering from the disease.
How to cite this article:
Abdelsafi A Gabbad, Mohammed Ali, Mohammed A Elawad. Seroprevalence of Kala-azar in El Hawata district, Eastern Sudan. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(2): 558-560.