Vol. 2, Issue 4, Part G (2016)
Phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Capparis decidua (Forsk.) edgew: A review
Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew, commonly known as Kair (in Hindi), Caper berry (in English) and Karira (in Sanskrit), belongs to the family Capparidaceae. It is important medicinal plant, found in subtropical and tropical zones and other arid regions in southern Asia. Various phytoconstituents have been identified and isolated from different parts of C. decidua which includes alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, sterols, flavonoids, phenols and fatty acids. The roots of C. decidua are found to contain sitosterol and spermidine alkaloid, isocodonocarpine and three crystalline colourless and hygroscopic alkaloids, capparine, cappariline, capparinine. The plant has been used as carminative, tonic, emmenagogue, alexipharmic; improves the appetite; good for rheumatism, cough and asthma. Different parts of C. decidua are reported to have significant pharmacological activities like hypercholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, antihelmintic & purgativ activities. Recently Kair extracts are used for synthesis of metal nanoparticles that have significant cytotoxic, antimicrobial and enhanced antioxidant capacity. Owing to its various medicinal properties, this present review article is dedicated towards the various pharmacological and phytochemical aspects of C. decidua.
How to cite this article:
Promila. Phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Capparis decidua (Forsk.) edgew: A review. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(4): 467-472.