Vol. 2, Issue 4, Part H (2016)
Prevalence of hypertension among the adults in Kothakoduru Vs Vidavaluru Nellore
Katari Kantha, Arumugam Indira
Background: Elevated blood pressure is rising nearly 30 percent in teens, and by 2025, hypertension will affect 1.56 billion adults worldwide. This is a growing health concern; untreated high blood pressure may damage organs in the body and increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and brain hemorrhage.
Aim: to assess the prevalence of hypertension
Setting and Design: The study was conducted in Kothakoduru (coastal area) and Vidavaluru (non coastal area) by using a descriptive design.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 samples were included in this study. Among this, 250 samples belongs to coastal area and 250 samples belongs to non coastal area by using convenience sampling technique.
Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data was organized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics based on the objectives of the study.
Results: In Kothakoduru, Out of 250 samples, With regard to the category of the blood pressure 96(36%) had stage-I hypertension, 14(5.6%) had stage-II hypertension, 2(0.8%) had stage-III hypertension, 23(9.2%) had grade-I isolated systolic hypertension, and 8(3.2%) had grade-II isolated systolic hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 60(24%), Newly diagnosed cases are 83(33.2%). With regard to BMI, among 250 samples 48(19.2%) were overweight and 12(4.8%) were obese. in Vidavaluru, among 250 samples, 92(36.8%) had stage-I hypertension, 11(4.4%) had stage-II hypertension, 2(0.8%) had stage-III hypertension, 54(21.6%) had grade-I hypertension, and 14(5.6%) had grade-II hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 146(58.4%). Newly diagnosed cases are 27(10.8%). With regard to BMI among 250 samples 45(18%) were overweight and 21(8.4%) were obese.
Conclusion: The above results shown that blood pressure values are high in the Vidavaluru (non coastal area) than kothakoduru (coastal area).
How to cite this article:
Katari Kantha, Arumugam Indira. Prevalence of hypertension among the adults in Kothakoduru Vs Vidavaluru Nellore. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(4): 513-515.