International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 7, Part M (2016)
Efficiency of land and aquatic based exercises on the reduction of abnormal body weight among Haramaya university gymnasium and swimming pool users
Mequanent Shikabaw Chekol
A study was conducted to investigate the comparative efficiency of land and aquatic based exercises on the reduction of body weight, with equal demand of intensity, duration, frequency, and types of exercise. Both overweight (BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥ 30.00 kg/m2) individuals were involved in the study and the evaluation lasted twelve consecutive weeks. Individuals used for the study were Haramaya University Gymnasium and Swimming Pool users, aged twenty up to thirty five years old and free from any impairment or chronic diseases. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Twenty five overweight and obese individuals, men (n = 8) and women (n=17) were recruited for the study and randomly assigned to land based (n=12) and aquatic exercise groups (n=13) with matched mode of exercise. Assessments to measure progress made after the exercise program were conducted in terms of reduction made. Descriptive statistics and ANOVA (using SPSS version 16 software) were used to analyze the data collected and test the significance of the aquatic and land based exercises. The study confirmed that water or aquatic exercise resulted in higher reduction of body weight, for overweighed and obese individuals than land based exercise. Thus, overweighed and obese individuals are advised to use water based exercise than land based exercise to bring about significant reduction in body weight, and to promote good bodily appearance and optimal health.
How to cite this article:
Mequanent Shikabaw Chekol. Efficiency of land and aquatic based exercises on the reduction of abnormal body weight among Haramaya university gymnasium and swimming pool users. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(7): 866-871.