High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India.
Aim: to assess the prevalence of hypertension
Setting and Design: The study was conducted in Mahalakshmipuram (coastal area) and Allipuram (non-coastal area) by using a descriptive design.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 samples were included in this study. Among this, 250 samples belongs to coastal area and 250 samples belongs to non-coastal area by using convenience sampling technique.
Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data was organized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics based on the objectives of the study.
Results: In Mahalakshmipuram, Out of 250 samples, With regard to the category of the blood pressure 16(6.4%) had stage-I hypertension, 2(0.8%) had stage-II hypertension, 0(0.00%) had stage-III hypertension, 39(15.6%) had grade-I isolated systolic hypertension, and 2(0.8%) had grade-II isolated systolic hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 39(15.6%), Newly diagnosed cases are 20(8.00%). With regard to BMI, among 250 samples 29(11.6%) were overweight and 8(3.2%) were obese. in Allipuram, among 250 samples, 141(56.4%) had stage-I hypertension, 18(7.2%) had stage-II hypertension, 0(0.00%) had stage-III hypertension, 54(21.6%) had grade-I hypertension, and 14(5.6%) had grade-II hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 151(60.4%). Newly diagnosed cases are 47(18.8%). With regard to BMI among 250 samples 43(17.2%) were overweight and 37(14.8%) were obese.
Conclusion: The above results shown that blood pressure values are high in the Allipuram (non-coastal area) than Mahalakshmipuram (coastal area).