Vol. 2, Issue 9, Part C (2016)
Exploring the potentials for ecotourism and sustainable tourism development in Nagaland India
Avitoli Kinny and T Lanusosang
Nagaland lies between 25˚ 60ʺ -27˚ 40ʺN latitude and 93˚ 20ʺ – 95˚ 15ʺ E longitude in North East India and has an area of 16527 sq km. It is bordered by Myanmar on the east; and by Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur on the north, west and south respectively. Apart from a few hundred sq km. of plains in Dimapur district and in the foothill zones, the entire state is covered with mountain ranges varying in height from 1940m – 3040m, with the highest peak lying in Saramati hills in Tuensang district, bordering Myanmar. These hills exhibit a remarkable topographic diversity with rare and variety of flora and fauna. Nagaland has typical monsoon climate varying from tropical to temperate condition. Average rainfall in the state falls between 2000mm-25000mm (approx). These climatic conditions and altitudinal variations coupled with varied flora and fauna generate a very unique biodiversity in the state, which comes under the Indo-Myanmar Biodiversity hotspot of the world. The state has a population of 1,980,602(2011 census), and is the traditional homeland of 16 tribes, each representing a different culture, preserving unique customs. Despite its richness in terms of natural endowment and gifts, this India’s Northeastern state has remained neglected from development point of view. It has a high literacy rate, however, socio-economic development and progress of the state is far behind the mainland. The concept of tourism development is very recent and is in its infancy. Nevertheless, education has broadened the outlook of the people and new concepts are not only accepted but are also being evolved in an innovative way. Many villages have community forests which are conserved in their traditional way without inflicting much harm to the environment. With the realization of the adverse effect of Jhum cultivation Nagas are taking to new and innovative agricultural system. Community participation in tourism development in some villages has already successfully started in Nagaland. However, the tremendous and unique tourism potentials can be tapped mainly through the concept of ecotourism, nature/wildlife tourism etc. Besides, Sustainable Tourism Development can be achieved through integrated approach, involving various government departments, private entrepreneurs, voluntary organizations and local community. This approach will help in evolving local community’s perception towards tourism development as a strong tool for socio-economic upliftment, without destroying and degrading the intricate natural environment of the state.
How to cite this article:
Avitoli Kinny and T Lanusosang. Exploring the potentials for ecotourism and sustainable tourism development in Nagaland India. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(9): 156-160.