The aim of the study is to focus on the contribution of Bandura’s social cognitive theory within the field of education and to help the researcher to understand the nature of theoretical and conceptual frameworks and how they can be used to help give direction to a study, or be identified as an outcome.
Background: The central principle of Bandura’s theory is the social context of learning: This article represents the concept of triadic reciprocal determinism which explained as “a continuous reciprocal interaction between personal, behavioral, and environmental determinants. Individuals gain knowledge from interaction with their environment. In addition, Bandura asserts the environment is inclusive of observing and modeling other individuals’ attitudes and behaviors. Bandura promotes observational learning and believes information can be transmitted to many learners by just one model.
Review methods: Concepts based on Albert Bandura’s ‟Social Cognitive Theory (1962)”were used to provide a framework for quantitative research involving modeling as a teaching strategy. The framework is used to determine research questions and give direction to research design.
Discussion: Some research methods do not overtly use a theoretical framework or conceptual framework in their design. The use of modeling as a teaching strategy dates back to Bandura’s work in the early 1960’s. The individual observes the modeled event and forms a cognitive construct, which shape future behaviours. A person will choose to engage in specific behaviours that he or she has acquired by observational learning Therefore, more than one student or person can benefit from viewing a video of well modeled care.
Conclusion: It is not possible to expose students to all aspects of theoretical and clinical practice while in College level. Educators must be creative to bridge the gap between classroom teaching and clinical practice.