Iron deficiency (ID) is the one of the most prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide. Therefore, maintaining body iron status is important in young female as they will be child bearers of future generation and early detection would call for early intervention. Therefore, main aim of our study was to assess the iron status in non anemic young female.
Objective: To assess the iron status of non anemic young female which included Mean corpuscular volume(MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration(MCHC), Serum iron, total iron binding capacity- TIBC and serum Ferritin, Transferrin saturation
Methods: It was a cross-sectional study performed on two hundred students in SGT University, Gurugram. 18-25 years non pregnant female Hb>12mg/dl with noral RBC indices were included in this study. Blood samples were analyzed for MCV, MCH, MCHC, serum iron, TIBC and serum Ferritin by autoanalyser. Transferrin saturation was calculated from the data of serum iron and TIBC.
Result: The he mean age of study population was 19.4 year (17 – 25 years) and BMI of 25.8. All the hematologic parameters like HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and TLC were well within the reference range. Serum iron levels in all the study group students were also within the normal reference range of 50.25-149.92 µgm/dL. The Mean for TIBC 425.1 gm /dL, with 76/200 (26%) cases showing values above the reference range of 425 gm/dL. Mean ±SD for serum transferrin was 297.3±25.62 mg/ dL with 9/200(4.5%) were iron deficient The Mean ±SD value of TSAT% and serum ferritin observed in this study was 20.7 ± 6.26 and 33.8± 21.1 µgm/L, showing 63/200 were ID.
Conclusion: Significant number of healthy women with normal hemoglobin was found to be iron deficient and therefore accurate analysis of iron status would help the clinicians in planning, treating and thus preventing the risk of adverse events due to iron deficiency.