International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 6, Part Q (2017)
Ethnicity and nationalism in China: Making of Uyghur identity
VCH Eswari Vemulapalli
Nation is a political construct. All social groups, communities, ethnicities, classes are not represented equally in the nation-state. Nation-states often masquerade these differences in the name of national identity. In process of establishing a national identity for China, there were conflicts involved between different ethnic groups, as not all nationalities were equally represented. This eventually led to increase in movements for separate nations and greater autonomy by different ethnic groups. China after becoming Republic in 1949, had strived hard to project itself as a multiethnic state. However in practice not only the principles of pluralism were compromised, there was also an attempt to impose uniform standards on people of ethnic communities. The policies of the government like identifying different nationalities and majoritarian impulse has furthered increased the divide between different ethnicities. Uyghurs are one of the recognized minority nationalities, who found that Chinese policies were indeed majoritarian and exclusionary. Chinese policies also undermined Uyghur cultural and political autonomy. This gave rise to a range of political activities in Xinjiang. This paper engages with the rise of Uyghur identity in Xinjiang and tries to engage with political manifestations of the rise of Uyghur identity.
How to cite this article:
VCH Eswari Vemulapalli. Ethnicity and nationalism in China: Making of Uyghur identity. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(6): 1148-1151.