International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 9, Part G (2017)
A study to assess the effectiveness of laughter therapy on quality of life among elderly at old age home, Chennai
A study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of laughter therapy on quality of life among elderly at old age home, Chennai. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of laughter therapy on quality of life among elderly in a selected old age home and to compare the quality of life among the experimental and control group after laughter therapy. Sixty samples were selected by using simple random technique (lottery method) and further divided as experimental group (30) and control group (30). The data was collected using standardized tool for Quality of Life developed by WHO (1998). It consists of six domains such as physical domain, psychological domain, level of independence, social relationship, environmental domain and spirituality/ personal believes. Laughter therapy intervention was done only for the experimental group and a post test was done subsequently for the total sample. In pre-test, though the experimental and control groups showed hardly any variation, in post-test the experimental group recorded an improved Quality of Life after the therapy. In experimental group, 26 (86.7%) had higher Quality of Life and four (13.3%) had better Quality of Life. In control group, 19 (63.3%) had good Quality of Life, seven (23.4%) had better Quality of Life and four (13.3%) had poor Quality of Life. The study revealed that the Quality of Life had a significant association with education (P=0.009) and income (P=0.048). It also revealed that there was significant relation between the Quality of Life and all the six domains like physical, psychological, level of independence, social relationship, environment and spirituality and personal beliefs, following Laughter Therapy. So, the study concluded that, there was a significant improvement in the Quality of Life of the experimental group following Laughter Therapy. The control group showed hardly any difference on the Quality of Life in pre and post test
How to cite this article:
Smitha PM. A study to assess the effectiveness of laughter therapy on quality of life among elderly at old age home, Chennai. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(9): 437-442.