Breathing is the bridge between mind and body, the connection between consciousness and unconsciousness, the movement of spirit in matter. Breath is the key to health and wellness, a function, we can learn to regulate and develop in order to improve our physical, mental and spiritual well-being Breathing is special in several respects:
Title: “Effectiveness of Deep Breathing Exercise on pulmonary parameters of patients undergoing abdominal surgery in selected hospitals of Pune City”
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess the effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on pulmonary parameters among patients undergoing abdominal surgery.
Material and Method: Quantitative Approach, Quasi-Experimental Pretest Posttest Control Group Research Design was adopted for the present study. Total 60 samples were included in the study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria: 30 in experimental and 30 in control group. The data collection tool includes demographic profile and pulmonary parameters. Deep Breathing Exercise (DBE) was taught and practiced by the patients in the experimental group and the control group patients continued with routine treatment.
Result: In the Experimental Group majority of patient were male within the age group of 41 – 55 years, having a primary level of education. Majority of were vegetarians and doing household work. Majority of them have the habit of chewing tobacco. In the Control Group also majority of patients were male with the age group of 41 – 55 years. Majority were vegetarians and self-employed. Pulmonary parameter of patient was observed before 12 hours and after 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours of surgery and effect of deep breathing exercise was assessed and compare with 36 hours and 72 hours. In the experimental group after the intervention of deep breathing exercise 26 (86.67%) patients were falling under a satisfactory status of pulmonary parameters and 4 (13.33%) had good status of pulmonary parameters and in the control group none patients had good status of pulmonary parameters. The p – value after 36 hours was 0.0001 and after 72 hours 0.028 (Less than 0.05). This data proved that deep breathing exercise was significantly effective in abdominal surgery patients. As the p value of all the demographic variables were greater than 0.05 it is found there is no significant association with pulmonary parameters.
Conclusion: Deep Breathing Exercise was found to be significantly effective in improving the pulmonary parameter status among patients with abdominal surgery.