International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 8, Part A (2018)
Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in married non-pregnant women
Shagufta N Kaskar, Meghana R Tendolkar, Dr. Shashikant P Vaidya, Dr. Subhash A Angadi, Dr. Asha. R Dalal, Dr. Saraswati Karr and Dr. Geeta V Koppikar
UTI is twice more common in pregnant women than age matched non-pregnants. UTI may occur with or without symptoms; the latter is known as asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). The prevalence of ASB in non-pregnant women rises with age at the rate of 1% for each decade of life. However, UTI in married non pregnant women have not been adequately studied in developing countries. This study is therefore aimed at finding out the incidence of ASB in married non pregnant women. This study was carried out over a period of two years in the Department of Microbiology in association with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, of T. N. Medical College and B. Y. L. Nair Charitable Hospital. Total patients included were randomly selected 300 married, non-Pregnant women reporting to ANC clinic of the hospital of age group of 18 to 40 year. Collection, transportation, microscopic examination and antibiotic sensitivity testing was carried out by standard procedures. In the non-pregnant women, the majority cases of UTI were in 24 to 29 years (52.66%) followed by in age group 18 to 23 years (36.33%). While least was seen in age group 36-40 years (4.66%). The highest cases of ASB was found in age group of 30 to 35 years (15%) followed by in age group of 36 to 40 years (14.3%). The least was in age group of 18 to 23 years (0.9%). Prevalence of ASB in Married, non-pregnant women is 3.66% and only single pathogen could be detected and none (0%) of the sample showed mixed infection of two pathogens. E. coli was the predominant isolate (36.36%) in the study and the least was Klebsiella oxytoca (9.09%). The antibiotic sensitivity of uropathogens obtained were as follows. E. coli was highly sensitive to Piperacillin + Tazobactum (100%) and Cefotaxime (100%). Klebsiella pneumoniae showed 100% sensitivity to Cephalexin, while Klebsiella oxytoca showed 100% sensitivity to Cephalexin. Staphylococcus aureus were found 100% sensitive to Cephalexin, while Staphylococcus epidermidis were 100% sensitive to Ampicillin. The results of this work showed an association of ASB with age and gravidity and it appeared to be multifactorial. A screening for ASB in married non-pregnant women must be done to discover the infected cases, which would allow early treatment to avoid the complications.
How to cite this article:
Shagufta N Kaskar, Meghana R Tendolkar, Dr. Shashikant P Vaidya, Dr. Subhash A Angadi, Dr. Asha. R Dalal, Dr. Saraswati Karr and Dr. Geeta V Koppikar. Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in married non-pregnant women. International Journal of Applied Research. 2018; 4(8): 21-25.