International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 9, Part D (2018)
Nutritional and therapeutic importance of lycopene: a strong antioxidant present in red tomatoes for effective reduction of plasma lipid profile (hyperlipidemia) and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in humans
Okoi Nta Obono and Etim John John
The nutritional and therapeutic importance of fruits and vegetables cannot be over emphasized. This was the case of what the researchers found out of lycopen in red tomatoes especially in the prevention and management of hyperlipidemia. The study was to investigate the comparative effect of lycopene in raw tomatoes, tomato juice and cooked tomatoes on the lipid profile in male rats induced with hyperlipidemic diets. Forty (40) male Wister rats were used for the studies which were fed for 30 different days with hyperlipidemic diets. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 15. ANOVA and T-test was used to test for associations and results were presented in tables. The study showed that lycopene present in red tomatoes can be used in the prevention and management of hyperlipidemic which is a risk factor for cardiovascular risks. The assessment of the effect of the three preparations of tomatoes showed that the cooked tomatoes have the greatest effect of reducing the activity of the enzyme lipase. This is because lycopene present in the cooked tomatoes was more readily absorbed in the intestine and thus has a higher concentration in the blood. The higher the concentration of lycopene in the blood, the more effective it is on serum lipid metabolism. This can be used as weight reducing agent since it lowers the intestinal fat absorption and increases faecal fat content.
How to cite this article:
Okoi Nta Obono and Etim John John. Nutritional and therapeutic importance of lycopene: a strong antioxidant present in red tomatoes for effective reduction of plasma lipid profile (hyperlipidemia) and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in humans. International Journal of Applied Research. 2018; 4(9): 242-247.