The birth of a newborn is certainly an emotional and inspirational moment in human life. Infants born at right-term, pre-term or post-term, if it weighs less than 2500 gms are considered as Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies. Low Birth Weight is one of the important factors, as almost 80% of neonatal deaths and 50% of infant deaths are associated with LBW.
Although, weight gain of a baby due to the effect of massage, with or without oil, is not clear, recent studies has proved that massage with essential oils make lipid absorption through the skin, which greatly contribute to weight gain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of massage with coconut oil, on weight gain in LBW neonates in Selected hospitals in Vellore.
The research design selected for this study is Experimental Design. Based on Purposive Sample Technique, 40 Low Birth Weight babies were selected for the study. 20 samples were chosen for the Experimental Group and 20 samples for the Control Group.
The samples were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Structured questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables. Physical parameters were assessed by weighing scale and flexible measuring tape.
Findings of the study after oil massage showed that, post-test mean value is higher in the experimental group than in the control group. The post-test mean value of weight is 1.9875. The mean difference of weight is 0.52. The computed ‘t’ value for weight is 15.47, which is higher than the control group. Similarly, the post-test mean values for all parameters such as length, head circumference and chest circumference is higher than the control group. AS such, it is evident that oil massage is effective in increasing the levels of physical parameter among low birth weight.
The ‘chi’ square level of mother’s age, occupation, maternal history, educational status, and the neonate variables such as gestational age, birth weight and parity were associated with the P<0.05 level. However, other demographic variables were not associated.
The findings of the study shows that there is significant increase in the levels of physical parameters, after oil massage among low birth weight babies.
Therefore it is evident that oil massage is effective method for physical maturity of low birth weight Babies.