International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 5, Issue 7, Part D (2019)
A cross sectional study of bone mineral density in eastern Odisha
Dr. Tanmoy Mohanty, Dr. Madhuchhanda Pattnaik and Dr. Sunil Kumar Jena
Osteoporosis is a common metabolic disease of bone characterized by reduced bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration in bone tissues that results in an increased susceptibility to fragility fractures. Osteoporosis is a significant public health problem in many parts of world, also in India.
Material and methods: Two thousand one hundred individual within the age range of 20 to 82 years were included in the study. It was conducted between February 2016 to August 2017. The instrument to measure BMD was Achillis Express bone Ultra densitometer. Their average BMD was calculated according to T score by using WHO guidelines for classification into Normal, Osteopenic and Osteoporotic. Findings were statistically analysed. The results were compared with the results of other authors. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS 16.
Result: Prevalence of Osteoporosis was found to be 22.4% and Osteopenia 37.9%.there was a significant difference in the prevalence of Osteoporosis between Premenopausal and Postmenopausal women.
Conclusion: Ultrasonic Heel Densitometry is a safe and non-invasive method for assessment of BMD to diagnose and assess the Osteoporotic individuals so that adequate steps can be taken in them to prevent fracture and other complications of Osteoporosis.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Tanmoy Mohanty, Dr. Madhuchhanda Pattnaik and Dr. Sunil Kumar Jena. A cross sectional study of bone mineral density in eastern Odisha. International Journal of Applied Research. 2019; 5(7): 215-218.