International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 5, Issue 9, Part A (2019)
An in-depth study (review) on plasma ATP concentration (in human) venous oxygen content in the forearm during dynamic handgrip exercise, an important aspect of exercise physiology
Dr. Amitabha Kar
It has been proposed that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) released from red blood cells (RBCs) may contribute to the tight coupling between blood flow and oxygen demand in contracting skeletal muscle. To determine whether ATP may contribute to the vasodilatory response to exercise in the forearm, relevant measured arterialised and venous plasma ATP concentration and venous oxygen content in 45 healthy young males at rest, and at 30 and 180 seconds during dynamic handgrip exercise at 45% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) was studied.
Venous plasma ATP concentration was elevated above rest after 30 seconds of exercise (P<0.05), and remained at this higher level 180 seconds into exercise (P<0.05 versus rest). The increase in ATP was mirrored by a decrease in venous oxygen content. While there was no significant relationship between ATP concentration and venous oxygen content at 30 seconds of exercise, they were moderately and inversely correlated at 180 seconds of exercise (r = -0.651, P = 0.021). Arterial ATP concentration remained unchanged throughout exercise, resulting in an increase in the arteriovenous ATP difference.
Collectively these results indicate that ATP in the venous plasma originated from the muscle microcirculation, and are consistent with the notion that deoxygenation of the blood perfusing the muscle acts as a stimulus for ATP release. That ATP concentration was elevated just 30 seconds after the onset of exercise also suggests that ATP may be a contributing factor to the blood flow response in the transition from rest to steady state exercise.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Amitabha Kar. An in-depth study (review) on plasma ATP concentration (in human) venous oxygen content in the forearm during dynamic handgrip exercise, an important aspect of exercise physiology. International Journal of Applied Research. 2019; 5(9): 09-21.