Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age groups and is defined as a hormonal disorder characterized by the presence of at least one polycystic ovary (presence of multiple cysts) accompanied by ovulatory dysfunction and excessive secretion of androgens. PCOS is a major public health concern in terms of a frustrating experience for women and a challenging complex syndrome for clinicians. Globally, prevalence estimates of PCOS are highly variable, ranging from 2.2% to as high as 26% of this age group depending on how it is defined.
Objective: Prevalence of PCOS in different age groups of women as revealed by USG pelvis/abdomen of women who attended the hospital OPD in Hazratbal area of Srinagar.
Methods: It was a hospital data-based prevalence study. For this study, hospital data was taken to see the prevalence of PCOS among patients with different gynecological complaints. The data for this study was extracted from USG record of hospital in Hazratbal area of Srinagar. The abdominal and pelvic sonographic reports of all women irrespective of pathology were taken. A total sample size of about 900 was estimated assuming a prevalence of 10% and precision of 2% at 95% conﬁdence level and non-response rate of 10%. 900 USG reports were evaluated and the prevalence of PCOS was observed.
Results: Out of 900 patients 400 had normal pelvic scan, 90 patients i.e. 10 % of the patients had PCOS and remaining 410 patients had different pelvic pathology other than PCOS. Maximum prevalence of PCOS (i.e., 5.0%) was found in the age group of 15-24 years. This was followed by observed prevalence in age group of 25-34 years (i.e., 4.8%). The observed prevalence in the age group of 35-44 years was only 0.2% (Table 2). The overall prevalence in under study age group was found to be 10%. No patients with PCOS were found above the age of 45 years.
Conclusion: The prevalence of PCOS is increasing gradually in Kashmir and it a major health concern in future. Hence, early diagnosis and intervention will reduce the long term health complications associated with PCOS.