International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 10, Part I (2015)
A retrospective study of sexually transmitted infections at tertiary care centre
Background: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)s are one of the disastrous events of health causing huge psychological & economic morbidity in young & sexually active adults. Population explosion, migration from rural to urban areas, commercial sex & lack of awareness has all lead to spread of STI’s in community. The STI programme, throughout the last year, a study which has been undertaken to know the increasing incidence of sexually transmitted infection.rnObjectives: Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections during the year; & reproductive health services sexual health communication delivered at tertiary care centerrnSelection criteria: Participants are all ages from adolescence attending the OP department at Government Maternity Hospital, (GMH) Tirupati.rnMaterial and methods: Case records of 2578 patients who attended OP department of GMH, Tirupati during the year 2014to Feb 2015 were analyzed in retrospective way. Cases have been diagnosed based on the clinical presentation and investigations available in the hospital. Then cases were subjected to cervical cytology, Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL), The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) according to their complaints and giemsa staining, wet mount study for vaginal discharge and pap smear screening for Ca cervix.rnResults: A total of 2739 patient records were studied, of which 1806 patients had sexually transmitted infections and 286 were of non STI’s and the patients who presented with vaginal cervical discharge were of 1399, patients with lower abdomen pain were 1256, Genital Ulcer Disease (GUD) herpetic were 6 and Genital Ulcer Disease-Non Herpetic (GUD-NH were 2. Follow-up of only 229 patients was possible. Age group of 20-29 yrs.’ was the maximum sufferers and unsafe sexual activity was the potential exposure and majority of the patients was not consistent in using condoms.rnConclusion: Vaginal discharge is a common gynecological complaint and STI’s are important cause of vaginal discharge leading to significant proportion of female morbidity. Genital viral infections constitute the bulk of STI’s. Majority of patients sufferers from age group 20-29 years and the sufferers were enquired about their partners and they were also treated or referred RUIA General Hospital for further treatment.
How to cite this article:
T Seshasai, Sukanya Seshasai, PA Chandrasekharan, Vidyavathi. A retrospective study of sexually transmitted infections at tertiary care centre. Int J Appl Res 2015;1(10):621-624.