International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 5, Part E (2015)
Biochemical evaluation of saffron Crocus sativus L. extracts from Jammu and Kashmir
Saffron selections of Jammu and Kashmir are heterogeneous for floral characteristics which are mainly attributed to the environmental factors, though genetic factors may have role with regard to its differential characteristics across various selections found in the area. Identification of high yielding selections using the existing gene pool of saffron may help in improving the productivity of this crop. Saffron, the most expensive spice in the world, is derived from the dry stigmata of the saffron flower and is having very high medicinal potential due to presence of some bioactive compounds like crocin and safranal. In present study quantitative analysis of different samples of Crocus sativus L. collected from different places of Jammu and Kashmir were done in order to estimate the levels of bioactive compounds. Reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled with ultra violet diode array detector (UV- DAD) was carried out to quantitate safranal and crocin in the methanolic extracts of different samples of saffron and the content of these bioactive compounds varied significantly across different samples. Maximum crocin (38.6 mg/g of stigmas) and safranal (0.25mg/g of stigma) content was found in saffron samples collected from Kishtawar (K-1) and minimum crocin (17.64 mg/g of stigmas) and safranal (0.018mg/g of stigma) content was found in saffron samples collected from Budgam district (BD-1).
How to cite this article:
Sajad H Wani, Mir Faisal Mustafa, Shabir Ahmad Lone, Alima Shabir. Biochemical evaluation of saffron Crocus sativus L. extracts from Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Appl Res 2015;1(5):267-270.