A Community based cross-sectional study on assessment of Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals of age 60 years and above was investigated in the urban and urban slum area, Karad, Dist. Satara, Maharashtra.
Materials and methods: Out of total 288 respondents of 60 years and above studied, out of which153 (53.1%) from urban and 135 (46.9%) from urban slum.
Results: In all 49.6% were males from urban and 39.3% from urban slum area. The female respondents comprised 50.3% and 60.7% were from urban and urban slum area respectively which was statistically significant (p=0.0192). Majority of the population from urban slum area was from socio-economic status of class IV and class V (81.5%) and 85.6% from class I in urban area. The proportion of study subjects having best HR-QoL in the age group of 60-69 age group (young old) was found higher than old old age group (70+) in urban and urban slum area. In the mean scores of all dimensions were on higher side in urban area than urban slum area. In the mental dimension score was on higher in all dimensions in old old and young old age group. There was significant difference found in the ranking HR-QoL and sex distribution in both the areas.
Conclusion: The present study revealed that mean age among slum elderly were lower than urban population. Slum aged was less educated and from lower socioeconomic class. In both the areas most of elderly were not economically independent. Though female respondents were higher than males, their proportion was higher as far as illiteracy, dependency, loneliness, widowhood and in chronic diseases are concerned. Due to poor living conditions and lack of awareness the proportion of communicable diseases were more common among slum aged than urban area. Age, gender, marital status, type of family and relationship affects the Quality of life of elderly.