International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part E (2016)
Incidence of fungal diseases of capsicum in relation to seasonal variation
Nashik is one of the most important and leading district in Maharashtra participant in Capsicum cultivation. It is proved by various experiments that various pathogenic fungi can attack the plants and cause diseases during favorable environmental conditions, which results yield loss. The aim of this present survey and study was to identify the plant pathogenic fungi from Capsicum and to evaluate their fungal pathogenic intensity during variable metrological conditions. A seasonal survey for the incidence of fungal diseases of capsicum was undertaken simultaneously the metrological data of study area recorded. Capsicum is economical agricultural crop and is affected by various types of fungal pathogens causing major loss in production and quality. A samples infected with fungal disease were collected from different localities of Nashik District. From these samples pathogenic fungi were isolated and identified through morphological characters. All fungal pathogens were recovered from collected samples. Fusarium oxysporum, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Leveillula taurica were recorded from the samples of collected from irrigated fields, while Phytophthora, Alternaria solani and Pythium spp from early and mature stage of infected plants. All these pathogenic fungi were evaluated to study their pathogenicity on Capsicum. The Alternaria solani caused the blight and rotting within 10–20 days on plants tested. The fruit rot symptoms were observed on the 6th days after inoculation of Phytophthora spp. plants to prove the Koch’s postulates.
How to cite this article:
Vrushali A Gagrepatil, Dr. DJ Vanmare. Incidence of fungal diseases of capsicum in relation to seasonal variation. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(1):286-287.