International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 6, Part H (2016)
Hospitalization of pulmonary TB patients
Present study was carried out to explore the predictors of hospitalization among Pulmonary TB patients. Non-experimental, quantitative research approach with retrospective cross sectional design was used and 200 patients were selected by purposive sampling technique (100 from inpatient department and 100 from outpatients department). Tools used for data collection included Performa for socio-demographic variables and Predictor assessment questionnaire. Statistical measures used were Chi square and regression analysis. The results showed that majority of the hospitalized patients were non-literate, Hindu, married, having family income between Rs.3000-8000, had their own house, vegetarian and having previous history of hospitalization. Predictors for hospitalization were sedentary activity (OR=6.6;CI=1.9-20, P<0.05), kucha house type (OR=4;CI=0.36-0.51, P<0.05), not covering mouth while others are coughing (OR=3.3; CI=1.1-9, P<0.05), absence of window in room (OR=4.7;CI=1.6-12, P<0.05), nonavailability of separate space for the patient (OR=2;CI =1.8-2.4, P<0.05), not taking daily bath (OR= 4.75; CI=1.63-12, P>0.05), Discarding sputum in open place (OR=6.9;CI=1.6-29, P<0.05) and bilateral lung involvement (OR=3.2;CI=1.1-9.1, P<0.05). Nurses can help to reduce hospitalization by educating the patients about predictors of hospitalization.
How to cite this article:
Anuja Sharma, Vinay Kumari, Kanika. Hospitalization of pulmonary TB patients. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(6):463-466.