International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 6, Part O (2016)
Prevalence of anaemia among urban and rural adolescents
Anaemia is one of the most universally prevalent diseases in the world today. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common micronutrient deficiency. A WHO study shows that in developing countries 52% of pregnant women and about 35% to 40% of non-pregnant women suffer from iron deficiency anaemia. Compared to the vast amount of work done on pregnant women and young children, there are relatively few studies on the prevalence of anaemia in adolescent girls. The exact figures for world-wide prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls are not known, but are estimated to be quite high. A decrease in the prevalence of anaemia during pregnancy could be achieved through improvement in the status of adolescent girls. The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of anaemia in adolescent girls studying in urban and rural schools of Pune city.
Material and Methods: Non-probability convenient sampling method was used to select the samples from urban (150) and rural schools (150). Haemoglobin estimation was done by using Sahli’s method and structured questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits and menstrual history after taking informed consent. Analysis was done in terms of Mild (9.5 – 10.5 gm %), Moderate (8 – 9.4 gm %), severe (6.5 – 7.9 gm %) and very severe anaemia (< 6.5 gm %).
Results: 56% of the adolescent girls from urban schools were suffering from anaemia. 63% of adolescent girls from rural schools were suffering from anaemia. The mean haemoglobin level among rural and urban adolescent were 10.53 gm% & 10.44% respectively.
Conclusion: The overall prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls from urban and rural schools was 59.5%. It is seen that anaemia affects the overall nutritional status of adolescent females.
How to cite this article:
Antariksh Dhokar, Suresh Ray. Prevalence of anaemia among urban and rural adolescents. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(6):965-967.