AbstractBackground of the study:
Childhood is very precious period in human life cycle. It requires more care and protection from the diseases. The childhood period is also high risk for communicable diseases. Providing knowledge to mother about immunization and assess the knowledge of mother.
Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding immunization among antenatal mothers at selected villages of Waghodia Taluka.
Setting: The study was conducted in selected villages of Waghodia Taluka.
Design: A pre-experimental one group pretest posttest design was used.
Sampling technique: Non probability convenience sampling technique.
Sample: 60 Antenatal women, from selected villages of Waghodia Taluka.
Tools for data collection: The structured questionnaire was used as an instrument to measure the level of knowledge regarding immunization among antenatal mothers at selected villages of Waghodia Taluka.
Result: In the pre-test 41.66% have moderately knowledge, 58.33% have inadequate knowledge and 10% have adequate knowledge. The post-test knowledge score showed 53.33% have moderately knowledge, 46.66 have adequate knowledge and no one have inadequate knowledge. The mean post-test knowledge score (36.42) also was higher than the mean pre-test score (18.93). Comparison of pre-test and post-test knowledge scores of antenatal mothers regarding Immunization the obtained ‘t’ value 25.508 is greater than the table value at 0.05 (2.00) level of significance. It indicates that there is a significant difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding Immunization. The findings indicate all variables such as Monthly income (χ2= 3.32), Educational status (χ2= 5.72), Occupation (χ2= 6.07), Number of pregnancies (χ2= 3.79) were found to be significant at 0.05 level of significance & variables such as Mothers age (χ2= 0.27), Type of family (χ2= 0.26), Religion (χ2= 0.91) were not significant at 0.05 level of significance. Thus it can be interpreted that there is a significant association between pre-test level of knowledge among antenatal mothers with their selected socio-demographic variables such as Monthly income, educational status, Occupation, Number of pregnancies.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the planned health education programme was effective in improving knowledge of antenatal mothers regarding immunization.