India has one of the fastest growing youth populations in the world, with an estimated 190 million adolescents. Girls below 19 years of age comprise one quarter of India’s rapidly growing population. Adolescence is a transition period from childhood to adulthood. This complex passage from childhood to adulthood is particularly stressful for girls.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of self care interventions on menstrual irregularities among adolescent girls .
Objectives: 1. To identify the menstrual irregularities among adolescent girls. 2. To assess the level of menstrual pain among adolescent girls. 3. To evaluate the effectiveness of self-care interventions on menstrual pain management among adolescent girls. 4. To find the association between the effectiveness of self-care interventions on menstrual pain management among adolescent girls with selected socio-demographic variables.
Methods: A quantitative approach with pre-experimental design, 30 adolescent girls was selected by using Non-probability convenience sampling technique.
Results: Among 190 adolescent girls, 76.3% had normal menstruation, 15.7% had dysmenorrrhea, 1.57% had amenorhhea, 0.5% had oligomenorrhea, 1.57% had polymenorrhea and 4.21% had metrorrhagia. Among 30 adolescent girls, the level of pain, in pre-test, 37% had mild pain, 30% had moderate pain and 33% had severe pain. In post test, 87% had mild pain, 13% had moderate pain and no one had severe pain.
Conclusion: The study concluded that there was a expressive reduction in menstrual pain after providing self-care interventions among adolescent girls.