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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF


International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 3, Issue 3, Part J (2017)

Biomonitoring of cytotoxicity of industrial effluents

Sajna Salim
The harmful effects of industrial effluents are becoming a worldwide concern. The present work aims in studying the characteristics of paper industry effluent and its influence on cytogenetic characters. By evaluating the effects of different effluent concentration of 100%, 50% untreated, pre treated effluent and distilled water at 24 and 48 hours, observed a concentration exposure- depend manner in relation to cell death feature. The results showed that the toxic effect of effluent increases the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities, decrease the percentage of germination, inhibit root growth, and induction of cell death in effluent treated root tip. The percentage of germination, root length and mitotic index decreased on treatment with untreated factory effluent. The clastogenic aberrations observed are clumping, cell with budding, amitotic index, macronucleus, strap shaped nucleus, abnormal shaped cells, Chromosome Bridge and micronucleus. The pre treated effluent showed less chromosomal abnormalities, percentage of seed germination, inhibition of root growth, and induction of cell death. The untreated factory effluent was toxic on meristematic cells of plants. This plant bioassay can be used to evaluate the extent of environmental pollution caused by factory effluent, pesticides application, waste material dumping etc.
Pages: 623-627  |  894 Views  19 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sajna Salim. Biomonitoring of cytotoxicity of industrial effluents. Int J Appl Res 2017;3(3):623-627.
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International Journal of Applied Research