International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 6, Part A (2017)
Renal biopsy associated complication in patients at an eastern India hospital
The renal biopsy is essential for the diagnostic of glomerular disease. However, it is an aggressive procedure with risk of complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the complications directly related to percutaneous renal biopsy procedure in our centre. In this prospective study 200 patients underwent renal biopsy over 2 years from 2015 to 2017. In this prospective study 200 renal biopsies were performed in 130 males (60.9%) and 70 females (39.1%). The mean age of males were 36 ± 14.3 and in females mean age was 29.6 + 12.8 the most common age group biopsied was between 19-45yrs of age both among males (58.6%) and females (66.7) respectively. The number of patients below 18yrs of age were 36 (18.3%), 21 male and 15 female. Patients above the age of 45 were 20%. Pain was the most common complication in our study out of 200 patients 40.9% complained of some sort of pain during initial 24hrs of hospital stay. Second most common complication was gross hematuria 20%, hematoma in 9.3%, pylonephritis in 0.9%, AV fistula 0.9%. There was increased incidence of gross hematuria and hypotension in patients with prolonged prothrombin time with P value=0.035. The complications do occur with renal biopsy, but with proper pre and post procedure management they can be reduced significantly if not eliminated at all. In our study prolonged prothrombin time was associated with increased risk of hypotension and hematuria.
How to cite this article:
Ashok Kumar Panda, Nisith Kumar Mohanty. Renal biopsy associated complication in patients at an eastern India hospital. Int J Appl Res 2017;3(6):58-60.