International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 7, Part B (2017)
Heart health screening and gender difference on heart health among young adults
Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) is global foremost cause of death and the world’s number one killer. Based on WHO latest data published that the heart diseases are blamed for 24 percent of all deaths in the Kingdom Saudi Arabia. Fortunately, CVDs are largely preventable and the burden of the disease can be reduced. American heart Association has recommended certain heart health screening tests begin at age 20. A comparative study undertaken to screen heart health among young adult patients admitted in Aseer general hospital, Abha. The primary aim of the study was to screen and to find the gender difference among young adults. The study subjects were aged 20 – 40 years and recruited according to fulfillment of the sampling criteria using convenient sampling method. The overall cardiovascular health of the study participants were measured using heart health screening questionnaire which developed by researcher based on AHA life’s simple 7 steps guidelines. The questionnaire was validated by experts in same field and ethical clearance obtained from hospital research department. Data collected by self reports and hospital current records. Data coded and analyzed using MS excel. The findings show that the mean heart health score is 5.5 in male and 6 in female. Typically Females’ dietary habits are better than male in terms of consuming whole grains (60%) and fish (29%) sufficiently. Males were moderately active (98%) and also maintaining normal BMI (36%) than females whereas 63% of Females were maintaining optimal level of serum cholesterol, 58% of them having normal blood sugar and 49% of them were normal blood pressure than males. The major similarity found in both a gender was consumption of sugar added beverages. The gender difference is calculated using t’ test score (0.037) which is statistically significant at 0.05 level. Thus there is a significant difference in heart health score of both the gender and specifically females’ heart health is comparatively more than males.
How to cite this article:
Shylaja J, Amjad Mustafa, Asia Mohammed Assiri And Hind Mohammed Assiri. Heart health screening and gender difference on heart health among young adults. Int J Appl Res 2017;3(7):85-88.