International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 7, Part O (2017)
Relationship between maternal anemia and perinatal outcome: Observational study from a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India
Maternal iron deficiency is a common issue in India. Maternal iron deficiency anemia (IDA) has significant negative effects on fetal outcome as low birth weight rates, Poor Intrauterine growth and increased risk of preterm birth. The goal of this study is to discover the effect of maternal anemia on perinatal outcome. This is a prospective observational study at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Eastern India, over a period of 18 months from January 2015 to June 2016. In this period, standard information of the mother admitted to obstetrics units were gathered. Total 430 mothers were selected. The pregnant mothers included in study were grouped into 2 categories, maternal anemia or no anemia group. Of these, 230 were anemic (hemoglobin <11 g/dl in labour and on two previous occasions in current pregnancy). A total of 200 women had haemoglobin >11 g/dl at all times in pregnancy and were labelled as non-anemic. Perinatal outcomes included preterm delivery, low birth weight (LBW) at delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, perinatal mortality, APGAR score at 1 and 5 min, intrauterine fetal demise (IUD). The danger of preterm delivery and LBW among anemic mothers was 4 and 2.0 times higher than the non-anemic mothers. Infants of anemic mothers had 1.8 times more risk of having an APGAR score of <5 at 1 min and the danger of IUD was 3.7 times higher for anemic ladies. Low maternal hemoglobin levels are related with risk of preterm delivery, LBW babies, APGAR score <5 at 1 min and IUD
How to cite this article:
Arjit Mohapatra, Jagdish Prasad Sahoo. Relationship between maternal anemia and perinatal outcome: Observational study from a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India. Int J Appl Res 2017;3(7):1060-1063.