Contact: +91-9711224068
International Journal of Applied Research
  • Multidisciplinary Journal
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF


Vol. 3, Issue 9, Part I (2017)

Effect of Hatha-yoga on Self-efficacy Level of Girl Students

Effect of Hatha-yoga on Self-efficacy Level of Girl Students

Surinder Singh and Dr. Ashok Kumar Malik
Yoga is an inward journey that creates an awareness of yourself and leads you to self-transformation. It is an ancient science of India that emerges with the emergence of culture and society. The glimpse of Yoga can be easily seen on the oldest Veda of the world (i.e. Rigveda). However, for a layman Yoga and Hath-yoga are two similar terms/concepts. But actually Yoga is a broad concept and Hath-yoga is one of the types of Yoga. Hatha-yoga generally suggests Asanas, Pranayamas, Bandhas Mudras, Kriyas and Nadanusandhan. In the present study we are concerned only with Asanas, Pranyamas and Kapalbhati Kriya. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of Asanas, Pranayamas and Kapalbhati Kriya on Self-efficacy level of girl-students. This is an experimental study which follows pre & post-test experimental designs. A group of 45 volunteer girl students studying in VIIth to Xth class have been selected from the campus of Govt. Sr. Sec. School, Ritauli, Rohtak. The age group range lies between 12 to 15 years. Furthermore, these 45 students have been divided equally into three groups on random basis, consisting of 15 students each. Group A has given some select Yogasanas, Group B has given some select Pranayamas and Kapalbhati Kriya, and Group C is a controlled group and has not given any type of exercise except general warming-up exercises. Here Group A and B have gone through yogic exercises for one hour daily during morning session for 6 days per week during twelve-week training program under strict supervision of the researcher. All the three groups has been pre-tested and post-tested for select psychological component, i.e. self-efficacy. The study has experimentally proved the authenticity of Yogic training in enhancing the Self-efficacy level of Girl students. Moreover, the results clearly indicate that Pranayamas and Kapalbhati Kriya are more effective than Asanas in enhancing Self-efficacy level of girl students.
Pages: 612-615  |  917 Views  45 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Surinder Singh, Dr. Ashok Kumar Malik. Effect of Hatha-yoga on Self-efficacy Level of Girl Students. Int J Appl Res 2017;3(9):612-615.
Related Journals
Related Journal Subscription
Important Publications Links
International Journal of Applied Research

International Journal of Applied Research

Call for book chapter
International Journal of Applied Research