Nurses are the health care professionals whose duty it is to protect patients from acquiring infections while hospitalized or while in a health care set up. By maintaining an infection free environment, the patient’s recovery will be promoted and high-quality nursing care will be delivered. Nurses spend most of their time with patients. Therefore, they should have a good level of understanding of the knowledge, attitudes and practices in infection prevention and control in health care setups. As these infections occurs during hospital stay, they cause prolonged stay, disability, and economic burden. According to extended prevalence of infection in ICU are study the proportion of infected patients within the ICU are often as high as 51%. Based on extensive studies in USA & Europe shows nosocomial infection incidence density ranged from 13.0 to 20.3 episodes per thousand patient days.
Aims and objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes of nurses regarding infection prevention and control.
Materials and Methods: A pre experimental one group pre test post-test research design was used for the study. In this study convenient sampling technique was adopted to draw the samples. The investigator has selected 50 staff nurses working in selected hospitals of Vijayapur. In this study, the investigator used structured knowledge questionnaire & lickert scale to assess the knowledge and attitude of staff nurses. Paired‘t’ test was used to find out the significant difference between pre test and posttest.
Results: Regarding demographic variables that majority 50% (25) of the participants here in the age group of 20-30 years 40% (20) participants were gender the age group of 30-40 years and remaining 10% (5) participants were 40-50 years, Findings reveals that majority 66% (33) of the participants were males & 34% (17) participants are females, The majority of the staff nurses were GNM 50% (25), BSC 24% (12) and P.BSC 26% (13) degree holders, The majority of staff nurses working in ICU's 44% (22), SICU 24% (12), NICU 18% (9) and 14% (7) participants. Knowledge regarding nosocomial infection or any previous training regarding 76% yes (38) and 24% No (12).The majority of staff have previous knowledge regarding nosocomial infection through communications 48% (24), through co-workers 26% (13), media 20% (10) and journals 6% (3). Knowledge level of staff nursing regarding nosocomial infection the participants knowledge scored pretest got as average knowledge level 87.5% (46) and poor 12.5% (4) After conducting STP. Post test scores revealed as, good- 100% (50) level scores. After conducting STP. The post test scores revealed as most favorable 100% (50) ie, there is increase in attitude scores of the majority staffs. Findings revealed that the ICU's staffs here an overall gain in the knowledge with the administration of STP, The knowledge mean, pre test 14% and in post test 29.28. It shows there is effectiveness of STP and in attitude, the attitude mean pretest 53.7 and in post test 83.34. In the present study, We find outer that there is no significant association between the knowledge and attitude scores with selected demographic variables.at 0.05 level of significance.
Conclusion: The findings of the study support the effectiveness of Structural teaching programme has increased the knowledge & Attitude regarding nosocomial infection among staff nurses working in intensive care units of selected hospital.