International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 12, Part F (2018)
Spectrum of respiratory distress in newborns admitted in Nicu of Rohilkhand medical college & hospital, Bareilly
Respiratory distress is a common problem in neonatal period. It is an important cause of neonatal mortality. The etiology of respiratory distress is large, includes Transient tachypnea of new born, Respiratory distress syndrome, Meconium aspiration syndrome and other miscellaneous causes.
Aims & Objective: To find out the incidence and etiology of respiratory distress among admitted newborn babies. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was done among 232 inborn patients admitted in NICU of Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital between May 1 to August 31, 2018. The cases were analysed for incidence and etiology of respiratory distress.
Results: Respiratory distress was detected in 80 out of 232 admissions comprising 34.4% of total admissions. Transient tachypnea of newborn was the commonest cause (42.5%) followed by Pneumonia (32.5%), respiratory distress syndrome (15%), meconium aspiration syndrome (5%), cardiovascular (2.5%), surgical (2.5%). Conclusion: Spectrum of respiratory distress is high (34.4%) in admitted newborns. Incidence of respiratory distress is high in low birth weight babies 43 out of 80 (53.75%). Babies admitted with respiratory distress was more in females (52) then males (28). The mean gestational age was 32-34weeks and mean birth weight was 1.6 kilos. The most common finding was early onset tachypnea (90%).
How to cite this article:
Dr. Raj Shekhar Tiwari. Spectrum of respiratory distress in newborns admitted in Nicu of Rohilkhand medical college & hospital, Bareilly. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(12):373-374.