International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 4, Part E (2018)
Isolation of aerobic bacteria in central venous catheter associated bloodstream infection in intensive care units of tertiary care hospital (P.B.M and A & G of Hospitals, Bikaner) & determination of antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates
AbstractAims and Objectives:
Present study was conducted to find out Incidence rate, Aerobic bacterial spectrum and their Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern from Catheter related blood steam infection over 1 year study.
Material and Methods: Total 75 CVCs and simultaneously withdrawn blood from peripheral site for blood culture were obtained from patents admitted to ICUs, wards and Dialysis units. Catheter Tip was processed by Maki’s rolled plate method (Semi-quantitative Culture) 4 and simultaneously obtaining blood culture from peripheral site.
Result: In 75 patients with total catheter days 890, total CLABSI cases were 22.66% (17/75) and the rate of CLABSI was found to be 19.10 per 1000 catheter days. Most common organism causing Catheter related blood stream infection in our study was Coagulase-Positive Staphylococcus aureus (20.58%). MRSA accounted for 11.76% and 8.82% were extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Klebseilla.
Conclusion: Since central venous catheters are increasingly being used in critical care, they are important source of infection and bacteremia. Duration of catheter is important risk factor for catheter colonization and CLABSI. In our study duration of catheter more than seven days was associated with higher colonization rate. Hence regular surveillance for infection associated with them is essential.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Amit Singh Rawal, Dr. Braham Prakash Sharma, Dr. Anjli Gupta. Isolation of aerobic bacteria in central venous catheter associated bloodstream infection in intensive care units of tertiary care hospital (P.B.M and A & G of Hospitals, Bikaner) & determination of antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(4):308-312.