Diabetes mellitus is recognized as one of the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Information and education gives improvement in the knowledge, attitudes and skills which leads to better control of the disease and is widely accepted to be an integral part of the comprehensive diabetes care. More emphasis should be given to the standardization and improvement of techniques, the people to become more aware of their responsibility and make fewer mistakes during insulin administration, since the treatment of diabetes continues for lifetime, there is a need to monitor the knowledge, understanding and practice of clients in relation to their disease process and its management.
Purpose: To assess the knowledge and practice of self-administration of insulin in a view to develop self-instructional module among the patients with diabetes mellitus in selected hospitals of Pune city
Objectives: To assess the knowledge regarding self-administration of insulin among patients with Diabetes Mellitus, to assess the practice regarding self-administration of insulin among patients with Diabetes Mellitus, to associate findings with selected demographic variables.
Methods: This was a Non experimental descriptive research design and quantitative research approach. 60 diabetic patients were selected from selected hospitals by non-probability purposive sampling technique. Self-structured questionnaire was used to assess knowledge with the observational check list for assessing practice of self-administration of insulin.
Results: Mean score of knowledge regarding self-administration of insulin in patients with diabetes mellitus was 19.81with 3.25 standard deviation that shows good knowledge, Mean score of practice regarding self-administration of insulin in patients with diabetes mellitus was 7.85 with 1.81 standard deviation that shows Average practice, and the ‘p’ value was more than level of significance 0.05 so no any association found between all demographic variables with knowledge and practice
Conclusion: Knowledge regarding self-administration of insulin was good and practice was average.