International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 5, Part G (2018)
Study to assess the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among children
Introduction: Children are human resources of the future. Their development is in the interest of the total national development. Adequate nutrition is essential in early childhood to ensure healthy growth, proper organ formation and function, a strong immune system and neurological and cognitive development hence, the study was undertaken “An exploratory study to assess the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among children in selected Anganwadis of Pune city.” Purpose-The purpose or the goal of the study to assess the malnutrition in the age group of 2 to 5 years and find out the factors associated with malnutrition. Method and Material: The quantitative study approach Non-experimental (exploratory design) is a study design. Non probability sampling technique was used. Anthropometric measurements are taken for to detect nutritional status of the child semi structured tool was used to find out the factors which are responsible for malnutrition. Analysis was done by descriptive statistics (percentage, frequency). Result: The prevalence rate of the malnutrition is 6.3% children are Underweight, Stunted and MAM (Moderate acute malnourished). 60% are the female and 40% are male.67% of children are having second birth order. 57% children are from nuclear family. The 98% families are having information source regarding dietary practice from family members/relatives/friends. The maternal factors, child related factors and nutritional factors are mainly responsible for the malnutrition in the age group of 2 to 5 years aged children. The majority of mothers that is 82.54% mothers are having less knowledge about the calories and protein requirement of her child and 57.14% mothers are having less knowledge regarding the sources of the calories and protein. The majority of children that is 68.25% children are having history of hospitalization and 50.79% children are not taken to hospital for growth monitoring. 71.43% mothers has not feed breast feed for their child more than 2 years. 55.56% children has not eat whole food which is in the bowl. 88.89% children has not ate food minimum six times in a day. Conclusion: The prevalence of malnutrition is very high the government of India is provided meal for the anganwadi children there is need do the interventional study to prevent the malnutrition in the children.
How to cite this article:
Shweta Kumbhar, Dr. Bhagyashree Jogdeo. Study to assess the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among children. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(5):434-437.