Vol. 5, Issue 3, Part D (2019)
Morphological, physicochemical and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of Nigella sativa L. seeds
The present study deals with morphological characteristics, physicochemical factors and preliminary phytochemical screening of Nigella sativa (NS) seeds collected from Bhopal region of Madhya Pradesh, India. NS is an annual herb of Rannunculaceae family which grows up to height of 20-60 cm in height. The plant seeds show diverse chemical composition which impart its high therapeutic value against various kinds of diseases and ailments. The NS seeds at macroscopic levels were found compressed, oval, angular, rugose tubercular, small cone shaped, 0.19- 0.2 cm long and 0.08-0.1 cm wide. Organoleptic characters observed by sensory organs revealed black colour, slightly aromatic odor and bitter taste. Microscopic observation of seeds showed the presence of lignified fibers, oil globules, starch grains and endosperm. Physicochemical parameters such as total ash, water soluble, acid soluble and sulphated ash yield percentage w/w were found as 4.94±0.03%, 2.12±0.90%, 3.03±0.04% and 1.21±0.34%, respectively. Preliminary phytochemical screening of extracts showed presence of glycosides, saponins, proteins, flavonoids, terpenoids, fixed oil, steroids and alkaloids.
How to cite this article:
Murtaza Rashid, Sudhanshu Dhar Dwivedi. Morphological, physicochemical and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of Nigella sativa L. seeds. Int J Appl Res 2019;5(3):228-233.