Health is wealth is a common proverb which reveals a very simple meaning by comparing the value of health with the wealth. Health is the most valued and sought virtue with human beings “WHO” in 1948 stated “Health is a state of complete physical mental and social well being and not merely absence of any disease or infirmity. WHO sees health as a process of continues adjustments to changing meanings we give to life. It is a dynamic concept. Demographic variables have some influence on health. Heart disease is the largest killer disease over the globe. In recent years, education has come to be considered as an integral component of health care. The modern trend of health care in every society is considering physical exercises, diet, psychological socio environment culture, stress management through alternative therapies such as yoga, meditation and other mean of relaxation. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in United States for men and women of all racial and ethnic group and more people die of cardio vascular disease than of all the type of cancers combined. Myocardial infarction is a chronic life long illness. Earlier study has put forward health guidelines on self care of myocardial infarction patients. Emphasis was laid on medication, diet, muscles stretching exercise and stress reduction technique. This was done with a view to assess the effectiveness of health guidelines on health teachings, regular follow up to maintain healthy active life and successful readjustment by careful planning.
Self care is a critical component of therapy for persons with myocardial infarction (M.I.). Patient need to manage his medication, diet, exercise, stress reduction, maintenance of body weight to detect early sign of fluid retention. Those who do not follow the treatment plan & initiate self care remedies for early sign and symptoms are more likely to be hospitalized for an acute exacerbation Need was felt in the light of this information to see the association with demographic variables on self care teaching in Myocardial infarction clients.
Study found that practice of self care activities of Age, educational status, gender, place of living, source of information, duration of illness had significant association. Whereas Occupational status, marital status, nutritional status, history of illness and religion did not have significant association on the self care activities on myocardial infarction clients. More research it is purposed to be undertaken on a larger population.