Children are our future and our most precious resources. Health of the future children depends on the nurturing practice adopted by the family. The first few days of life is a period of transition occurring all of a sudden from fetal life (Intra -uterine environment) to a completely independent (extra -uterine life). The process of birth and adaptation to the new surroundings depend upon the number of adjustments on the part of the newborn baby especially.
Although the global under-five mortality rate has declined over the past few decades, neonatal mortality still remains high. Globally four million deaths occur every year in the first month of life. Almost all (99%) neonatal deaths occur in the low-income and middle-income countries. In India alone, around one million babies die each year before they complete their first month of life, contributing to the one-fourth of the global burden. The neonatal mortality rate in India was 32 per 1000 live births in the year 2010, a high rate that has not declined much in the last decade. The report, released recently at the National Conference on Child Survival and Development in New Delhi, claims that of the roughly 26 million children born in India each year, 1.2 million die during the first four weeks, that is, 30% of the 3.9 million global neonatal deaths.
Statement of the problem
“A study to assess the effect of video assisted teaching programme regarding care of newborn problems on knowledge of the primi-para mothers in selected rural area of pune”.
1.To assess the knowledge regarding care of new born problems among primi -para mothers in selected rural area of Pune.
2.To plan and administer video assisted teaching programme regarding care of newborn problems.
3.To assess the effect of video assisted teaching programme regarding care of new born problems among primi-para mothers in selected rural area of Pune.
4.To associate the knowledge regarding care of new born problems among primi- para mothers with selected demographic variables.
In order to achieve the objectives of the study, one–group Pre- test Post-test Quasi-Experimental design was used for the study and Purposive sampling technique was used for selecting the samples.100 Primi-para mothers in selected rural area (Wagholi) of Pune was selected as the sample. Structured questionnaire was prepared to assess knowledge regarding care of new born problems among primi-para mothers. To ensure the content validity of the prepared tool, it was assessed by 7 experts. Pilot study was conducted on 10 samples before data collection for the final study to check the practicability. Data collection was followed by data analysis by using Mean, Median, Mode, Standard deviation, Paired – T test.
Findings of the study shows that there is a significant improvement in the knowledge of samples after Video assisted teaching programme concerning substitute measures for care of newborn problems among the primi para mothers.