Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide and by 2020, will be the leading cause of disability. The present study was conducted to determine risk factors of coronary artery disease.
Materials & Methods: 74 patients of CAD based on WHO/AHA criterions were included. History of hypertension, diabetes history, cholesterol, history of smoking, CABG history etc. was recorded. Weight, Height, BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, lipid profile such as HDL, TG, TC, LDL and VLDL etc. was also recorded.
Results: Marital status was married in 62 and single in 12, BMI was obese in 38, normal in16 and overweight in 20, education was high school in 40 and graduation in 34. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common risk factors was diabetes in 42, hypertension in 58, CAG in 12, high cholesterol in 30, smoking in 46 and family history of CAD in 24 patients. The difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: High cases of CAD among males as compared to females. Common risk factors were diabetes, CAG, hypertension, cholesterol and smoking.