Transportation networks, in which today's urban settlements are communicated, have been one of the most important arguments of urban design. If we think of cities that grow with the increasing needs of time as a puzzle; It is a whole that encompasses all users with its belonging to the point where each part is located, its contact with other settlements and its organizational ability. Healthy and uninterrupted nutrition of residential areas that are part of the whole and serving social life are provided with street textures. The potential of the streets to establish important connections within the city is much more important in the historical and traditional settlements.
Developing technology and industrialization have damaged the design criteria, energy conservation / use value and architectural sensitivities of the buildings and streets belonging to traditional and historical settlements, as well as the city's residential areas, as well as changing social life. In this sense, the energy-related parameters of the streets, which are the most important transition points from the private area of a traditional settlement to the public area, should be examined and evaluated in detail.
The purpose of this study; to analyze planning decisions and application criteria that support sustainable energy conservation and use of traditional and historical residential areas and street textures. From this point of view, it is possible to carry the design decisions and material choices to achieve maximum benefit in the energy use of historical street textures to today's construction process. Within the scope of the study, the literature on design decisions and energy use / conservation of street textures in historical settlements were examined; In the light of the data obtained, planning, land placement, local material selection, usage decisions of natural resources and sustainable energy efficiency characteristics of street textures in some historical settlements of Anatolia were examined. As a result of the study, it is aimed that the qualities of the street textures belonging to traditional residential areas for energy efficient use will also be a reference to today's modern street architecture.