AbstractBackground & Objectives: Mizaj
is an intrinsic state which enables an individual to survive and to procreate comfortability and is responsible for distinctive morpho-bio-physio-immuno-psychological identity of the individual. Physiological functions of the body depend upon temperament and temperament is influenced by several factors like quality of humours, diet, climate, body proportion etc. Temperament allows the identification of the diet which is proper for maintaining the healthy temperament of a human being. Pathological shift in the temperament causes disease and reversing the abnormal temperament to the normal, by using drugs/diets of opposite temperament cures the disease. So the purpose of the study was to find out the Mizaj
(temperamental) variation among different ranges of Basal Metabolic Index.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted as an open observational study, on hundreds healthy volunteers were selected as per specific inclusion and exclusion criteria and assigned into four groups as per ten categories of signs which is described by Avicenna. All subjects are analysis for temperamental variation with respect to BMI with reference to Unani literature survey. Results: Finding of this open observational study is directly associated with temperamental variations. Most of the subjects fall under category of Damvi and followed by Balghami and Safravi whereas no any subjects under Saudavi Mizaj, but obesity, hypothyroidism or higher BMI is more common among Balghami mizaj.
Conclusion: The Study showed that, Mizaj is directly affect the BMI, especially Balghami mizaj. The findings of this study show that obese people are cold and muddy, or have a phlegmatic temperament, while lean people are drier in contrast.