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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 6, Issue 7, Part C (2020)

Effects of suboccipital muscle energy technique (MET) versus suboccipital release technique (SOR) on craniovertebral angle, cervical range of motion and chronic neck pain in medical students with upper cross syndrome at the end of 6 weeks: A comparative study

Author(s)
Maitrayee S Waje and Dr. Abhijit N Satralkar
Abstract
Objective: This study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of Suboccipital Muscle Energy Technique (MET) versus Suboccipital Release Technique (SOR) on craniovertebral angle (CVA), cervical spine range of motion and chronic neck pain in medical students with upper cross syndrome.
Background: Upper cross syndrome (UCS) is a condition which mainly arises as a result of muscular imbalances that usually develops between tonic and phasic muscles. Tonic muscles are the muscles that most of the time become tight i.e over facilitated whereas phasic muscles are the muscles that are shortened and inhibited. Upper Crossed Syndrome involves rounded shoulders and forward head posture which results in reduced craniovertebral angle, cervical spine range of motion and increased incidence of chronic neck pain due to muscular imbalances. Prevalence of UCS in medical students is associated with long hours of studying with a poor posture. Suboccipital Release is a technique applied to craniocervical region aimed at relieving hyperactive trigger points and facilitate suboccipital muscle relaxation. Suboccipital MET involves post isometric relaxation which is an effective technique in deactivating myofacial trigger points and restoring normal suboccipital muscle length.
Outcome Measures: Craniovertebral angle measurement (CVA), Cervical Spine ROM and Visual analogue Scale (VAS).
Method: This study included 40 subjects having upper cross syndrome with 20 subjects in each group. Group A received Suboccipital MET and Group B received Suboccipital Release Technique, both the groups performed conventional exercises in addition to the techniques for 18 sessions over a period of 6 weeks.
Result: Intergroup analysis was done using unpaired t-test which showed significant improvement in Group B subjects (Suboccipital Release Technique) for reducing chronic neck pain (p=0.01) post treatment. Intergroup analysis did not show significant difference in two groups for Craniovertebral angle (p> 0.05) and Cervical ROM (p> 0.05) post treatment.
Conclusion: The study showed significant difference in reducing chronic neck pain and in improving cervical range of motion and craniovertebral angle in both the group. Inter group analysis showed that Suboccipital Release Technique was more effective than Suboccipital Muscle Energy Technique in reducing chronic neck pain, whereas both the techniques were equally effective in improving cervical range of motion and craniovertebral angle in medical students with upper cross syndrome at the end of 6 weeks.
Pages: 153-160  |  286 Views  35 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Maitrayee S Waje, Dr. Abhijit N Satralkar. Effects of suboccipital muscle energy technique (MET) versus suboccipital release technique (SOR) on craniovertebral angle, cervical range of motion and chronic neck pain in medical students with upper cross syndrome at the end of 6 weeks: A comparative study. Int J Appl Res 2020;6(7):153-160.
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International Journal of Applied Research