International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 6, Issue 7, Part C (2020)
Determination of food in security and negative health indicators in Ohio, USA
The relationship between food in security (FI) and health is often bidirectional. Across-sectional FI study was conducted to examine negative health indicators and FI in Ohio, USA. This study involved screening of; 514subjectsover18yearsofage, all Ohio resident slivingin Allen, Hancock or Seneca Counties. The study was assessed indifferent parameters such as age, sex, race, financial status, family structure, food expenditure and health of the participants. The statistical Package for Social Sciences tool was used for data analysis of the total population with Food Insecurity Score (FIS), the highest participants were found in group five (20.23%), while lowest was in FIS group one and two (1.95%). Distribution of participants based on FI score was similar in both genders. There was no significant difference between the two groups that were observed. Also, no significant difference between health groups were observed. The highest population with self-reported diabetes belonged to FIS group five (10.48%) followed by FIS group eight (8.52%).The highest population with self-reported hyper tension belonged to FIS group five (14.41%) followed by FIS group six (13.3%). Finally, the highest population with self-reported heart trouble belonged to FIS group five (8.95 %) followed by FIS group ten (8.06%).We were not able to establish a causal relationship between FI and poor health in the study, though individuals experiencing F reported lower levels of self‐efficacy for disease management. These findings demonstrated the need to continue efforts to prevent FI and to ensure that efforts that all are adequately fed become a priority to improve the health of this region and nation.
How to cite this article:
Shagufta Kaskar, Niveditha Rachamalla, Dr. Kirby Overton, Linda Hamilton, Tommie Harner, Dr. Shashikant Vaidya, Ron Rooker, Professor Jenny Evans, Dr. Lisa Bradley, Major Dianna Morales. Determination of food in security and negative health indicators in Ohio, USA. Int J Appl Res 2020;6(7):198-205.