Obesity is a growing global health concern, with a rapid increase being observed in morbid obesity. Obesity is strongly associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The present study attempted to assesses the prevalence of obesity among adolescents in Saraswathi Nagar, Nellore.
Aim: To assesses the prevalence of obesity among adolescents.
Setting and Design: The study was conducted in Saraswathi Nagar, Nellore by using a descriptive design.
Materials and Methods: A total of 100 samples were included in this study. All these samples belongs to Saraswathi Nagar of Nellore. Samples were selected by using convenience sampling technique.
Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data was organized, tabulated, analysed and interpreted by using descriptive statistics like actual numbers and percentages, mean, standard deviation and inferential statistics like Chi-square test, Karl Pearson correlation coefficient was used appropriately. ‘p’ value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: Out of 100 samples, with regard to BMI of adolescents 35(35%) are underweight (falls under≤ 5th percentile), 61(61%) belongs to normal BMI (falls under 5th -85th percentile) and 4(4%) are overweight (falls under 85th – 95th percentile). with regard to MUAC levels 35(35%) are malnourished, 61(61%) are normal and 4(4%) are obese. The Pearson correlation coefficient is 1, which shows perfect positive correlation between BMI and MUAC. Mean for BMI among adolescents was 19.13 and standard deviation is 2.96.
Conclusion: The study shown that majority of adolescents are having normal BMI and MUAC levels and even in specific greater number of adolescents are under nourished. This result signifies the importance of carrying out the health educational activities to the adolescents to improve their BMI and MUAC for maintain their optimum health.