International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 7, Issue 11, Part C (2021)
The effect of birth companion on the level of pain perception among primi-parturient admitted for labor
According to WHO, a companion is any person from her family, friend or social network chosen by the parturient for continuous support during labor and childbirth who is expected to be caring, compassionate and trustworthy advocate (1). Labor pains plays a major role for the potential outcome of the delivery process which can be positive or negative. Negative birth experience can result in different forms of discomfort, both for the mother as well as for the infant. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of birth companion on the level of pain perception among primi-parturient in the labor room.
Methodology: This qualitative study carried out in Clean labor room at Tertiary health care center (JIPMER) after obtaining permission from Research monitoring committee and Institutional ethics committee. It was a non-randomized; pre-test post-test control trial with 54 participants, 27 in each group. Experimental group was given birth companion in the labor room and pain is assessed at every 2 hours with Numerical Pain Rating scale in both groups. Content was analyzed after coding and categorizing data with SPSS software version 22.
Results: The result indicated the pain has been reduced from worst and severe level in pre-test (8.78) to moderate and mild level of pain perception in subsequent post-test-1 (7.78) and post-test-2 (4.89) respectively. Comparing the mean pain in both the groups shows statistically significant difference between both the groups.
Conclusion: The study concluded the effectiveness of birth companion for the primi-parturient in reducing the pain perception in primi-parturient. The recommends encouraging the provision of birth companions in labor room. Such practice helps the mother to have less painful experience of the childbirth.
How to cite this article:
Preksha, Vahitha S, Dr. Sairem Mangolnganbi Chanu, Venkatesh Ashok. The effect of birth companion on the level of pain perception among primi-parturient admitted for labor. Int J Appl Res 2021;7(11):188-192.