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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 7, Issue 2, Part G (2021)

A study to assess prevalence of anemia among the adolescent’s girls in selected slum area

Author(s)
Dr. Rupali Salvi and Meenaz Shaikh
Abstract
Introduction: Estimate the prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls and to study the socio demographic factors associated with anemia. Adolescence as the age period between 10 to 19 years of age for both the sexes (married and unmarried). There about 1.2 billion adolescents in world, which is equal to 1/5th of the world’s population and their numbers are increasing. Out of these, 5 million adolescents are living in developing countries. India’s population has reached the 1.5 billion mark, out of which 21% are adolescents.
Research approach: Survey research approach was used. Research design used was Non-experimental descriptive survey research design. Conceptual frame work on in 1975 of Dr. Pender published ‘A Conceptual Model for Preventive Health Behaviors’ the setting for this study was the conducted in selected slums areas Balaji Nagar, Phule Nagar. 120 adolescent’s girls who were with anemic in selected slums areas. Non-Probability Purposive Sampling Technique was used. Who met the designated set of criteria during period data collection. Tool developed which includes.
Section-I: Demographic variables.
Section II: Consisted of a Structured Interview Schedule which included 10 items on knowledge regarding iron deficiency anemia.
Section III: Consisted Observation Checklist of 10 items to assess symptoms anemia among adolescent girls.
Section IV: Consisted of WHO scale to assess the hemoglobin levels.
Results: Since p-value corresponding age was small (less than0.05), age adolescent girls was found to have significant association with prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls. Majority adolescent girls from age 12 to 15 years had mild moderate anemia. 69.2% adolescent girls had mild moderate anemia age group of 12 to 15 years. 2.5% 69.2% adolescent girls had mild moderate anemia age group 12 to 15 year.23.3% adolescent girls had mild moderate anemia in age group 16 to 19 year.5.0% adolescent girls had mild moderate anemia in age group 16 to 19 year. Since p-value corresponding to age was small (less than 0.05), age of adolescent girls was found to have significant association with prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls. Majority of adolescent girls from age 12 to 15 years had mild to moderate anemia.
Pages: 416-419  |  87 Views  3 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Rupali Salvi, Meenaz Shaikh. A study to assess prevalence of anemia among the adolescent’s girls in selected slum area. Int J Appl Res 2021;7(2):416-419.
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